Complications Associated with Down’s syndrome
There are many children who are suffering from Down’s syndrome but have a few medical problems because of the condition that they are already suffering from. However, there are many other kids who require extra medical attention and care. You need to ensure that your child is being checked by the reputed pediatricians more often in comparison to the normal kids. If you feel that something about your kid’s health is concerning you, it is important to seek professional advice immediately.
You should also be aware of certain conditions that a kid with Down’s syndrome can normally face. Given below is a list of the complications that are related to Down’s syndrome.
Most of the kids who are born with Down’s syndrome are known to have a congenital heart defect. One of the most common defects that the children face is known as the septal defect. In the septal defect, there will be a hole inside any one walls of the heart, which separates all the other chambers of the heart.
If your kid has been diagnosed with Down’s syndrome, it is crucial that you check with your doctor to spot any unusual problem and ensure that your kid goes to a surgery to repair this problem as early as possible.
Most of the people who have Down’s syndrome have a variety of problems with the digestive systems. The most common problems that are seen are constipation, indigestion, and diarrhea. The serious problems include the abstraction of the bowel, celiac disease, reflux, imperforate anus, Hirschsprung’s disease, and much more.
Most of the kids who have Down’s syndrome are known to have problems with hearing, which can either be temporary or permanent. This happens because a fluid buildup in the Glue ear also referred to the middle ear, of the children. If this problem is observed in your kids, they will be referred to an ENT specialist.
Problems with vision
Kids with Down’s syndrome also face problems with the eyesight and they are required to wear spectacles for correction. Few of the common problems include short-sightedness, long-sightedness, squint, cataracts, nystagmus, keratoconus, glaucoma, and infections like blepharitis, uveitis, or conjunctivitis.
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Most of the kids are known to have a serious issue with the thyroid glands as well. The thyroid gland is responsible for controlling the metabolism of the body. Kids with Down’s syndrome normally have hypothyroidism, which indirectly means that the thyroid gland is not active.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism include weight gain, lack of energy, slow mental and physical reactions. Hypothyroidism can be found out by a series of blood test. Normally doctors treat hypothyroidism with medication for replacing the thyroid hormone within the body.
People who have Down’s syndrome normally develop dementia from a very young age and it continues up to 40 years of age. However, everyone who has Down’s syndrome is not going to develop it. The signs of this issue include confusion, disorientation, and short-term memory loss.
These are the most common problems that are spotted in a kid or a person who is suffering from Down’s syndrome. They can be taken care of if they are detected early by the medical experts.